Avoiding Negative Interactions Between Medications

What Does Contraindicated Mean? A medication is contraindicated when there is an existing condition that makes its use inadvisable. Certain medications can be contraindicated in specific groups of people (eg. pregnant women) or in combination with other medications (eg. aspirin and warfarin). Some medications are contraindicated with one another because taking them together is known …

The Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oil

Overview Many essential oils and other plant extracts have antimicrobial properties which can be helpful for health and wellness applications.There is an incredible diversity of essential oils and other plant extracts available on the market today. Both professional and casual practitioners of Naturopathic remedies have a plethora of options for the treatment of acne. Antimicrobial …

How Do Bacteria Become Resistant to Antibiotics?

Answer: Bacteria adapt, evolve and acquire antibiotic resistance. The extensive use of antibiotics in human patients does contribute to increased antibiotic resistance among infection-causing bacteria. But, the short-term use of antibiotics to treat infections in an outpatient setting is not the primary cause of the increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria. There are several factors which contribute …

The Antibiotic Families

Overview There are many different families of antibiotics. Each antibiotic family targets bacteria in a unique way. Each antibiotic family tends to be more effective against certain types of bacteria, and less effective against others. Antibiotics and Acne Treatment Antibiotics from several different families are used for the treatment of acne. The antibiotic families most …

The Antibiotic Susceptibility of Propionibacterium acnes

Overview Antibiotics are medications that are used to treat bacterial infections, including acne. The acne-causing Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacterium is naturally resistant to some antibiotics, and naturally susceptible to others. For the past 50 years, physicians and researchers have been screening the susceptibility of P. acnes bacteria to different antibiotics. The results from these …

Sebaceous Glands

Sebaceous glands produce sebum, which is responsible for moisturizing and protecting skin and hair. Sebaceous glands are essential components of healthy skin. Damaged or malfunctioning sebaceous glands contribute to many dermatological conditions, including acne vulgaris. Structure of the┬áSebaceous Glands Sebaceous glands are clusters of specialized cells in the skin. These specialized cells are called sebocytes. …

Anabolic Steroids and Acne

What are Anabolic Steroids? Anabolic Steroids (aka Roids, Juice, AAS, etc) are molecules that mimic the shape and function of androgen hormones (eg. Testosterone). Anabolic Steroids are generally used to stimulate protein synthesis and muscle growth. The Difference Between Anabolic Steroids and Corticosteroids Anabolic steroids should not be confused with corticosteroids, which are immune suppressants …

What is the Relationship Between Pregnancy and Acne?

Pregnancy

Answer: There are many changes that take place in the female body during pregnancy and these changes can have both positive and negative effects on acne symptoms. Many women experience dramatic changes in their acne both during and after pregnancy. Hormones that control the natural processes of menstruation and pregnancy have wide-ranging effects throughout the …