Sage Essential Oil is prepared from the leaves and flowers of many different species of sage (Salvia spp). Sage plants are common in many regions of the world. Two of the most popular types of Sage Essential Oil are extracted from Garden Sage (Salvia officinalis) and Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea). Sage and it’s essential oil are widely used in many cultures for culinary and medical purposes.
Sage Essential Oil is occasionally used in Naturopathic acne treatments, primarily in topical acne treatments. Clary Sage Essential Oil is more frequently used for acne treatments than other types of Sage Essential Oil. Many people have reported that topical Naturopathic treatments that contained Clary Sage Essential Oil helped to improve their acne symptoms. However, there is a very limited amount of clinical research about the efficacy of Sage Essential Oil for the treatment of acne.
Laboratory testing indicates that Sage Essential Oil is mildly toxic to many types of bacteria. However, the antibacterial activity of Sage Essential Oil is substantially less than that of many other common essential oils. In addition, Sage Essential Oil has been reported to be less effective against many types of gram-positive bacteria, a group which includes the acne-causing Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.
Essential Oils from Garden Sage and Clary Sage have important differences in their compositions. All Sage Essential Oil contains significant quantities of a molecule called Thujone. Thujone is a biologically active molecule that has several effects and can be toxic at high doses. Clary Sage Essential Oil contains large amounts of Linalool and Linalyl Acetate, while Garden Sage Essential Oil does not. Other compounds that can be found in Sage Essential Oil include Camphor, Geranyl Acetate and alpha-Pinene.
Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods a review. Burt. 2004.
Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidative Activity of Laurel, Sage, Rosemary, Oregano and Coriander Essential Oils. Baratta, et al. 1998.
Essential Oils from Dalmatian Sage (Salvia officinalis L.): Variations among Individuals, Plant Parts, Seasons, and Sites. Perry, et al. 1999.
Composition and Antifungal Activity on Soil-Borne Pathogens of the Essential Oil of Salvia sclarea from Greece. Pitarokili, et al. 2002.