Comedo Extraction

Comedo extraction is the process of extracting blackheads (open comedones) and whiteheads (closed comedones). It is commonly done by using gentle pressure around the pore opening, often applied using specialized comedo extraction loops. Comedo extraction may also involve small incisions, often made by a hypodermic needle tip.


Lancing acne lesions involves making a small cut into the lesion and draining the accumulated pocket of pus. Lancing is generally only used as a treatment for large, inflamed acne nodules and cysts.

Punch Excision

Punch excision involves the surgical removal of small, depressed acne scars. For large, depressed acne scars the a graft of healthy skin tissue may be used to replace the excised tissue.


Micro-needling is a treatment intended to reduce the appearance of acne scars. It involves causing mild damage to the area of the scar via repeated penetration of the area by small needles. This can disrupt scar tissue, and the resulting healing response may repair some scar damage.

TCA Peel

A trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peel is chemical peel used to remove the outer layers of the skin. It can be used to treat mild discoloration and scarring caused by acne.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E Supplements

Vitamin E is a fat soluble dietary nutrient that is found in many types of plant-based oils, nuts, vegetables and fish. Vitamin E refers to a group of tocopherol and tocotrienol compounds, which have antioxidant properties and are essential for many important biological functions. Vitamin E is one of the most popular vitamin supplements. Vitamin …


Subcision Treatment of Acne Scars

Subcision is a procedure that involves surgically disrupting the fibrous tissue underneath a depressed acne scar (eg. ice pick, boxcar scars). This fibrous bundle of collagen-rich tissue can serve as an anchor that connects the bottom of the scar to the underlying tissue. It can also inhibit the regrowth of healthy tissue. In the surgical …

Ruby Lasers

Ruby Laser Treatment of Hyperpigmentation on Cheek

In 1960, the first operational laser was constructed. It was a ruby laser. Once quite common in medical and industrial, Ruby Lasers have declined in popularity with the development of modern laser systems. Ruby Lasers have been used extensively in medical applications (eg. tattoo and hair removal) and industrial applications (eg. diamond cutting and holography). …


Resorcinol and Sulfur Cream

Resorcinol (Resorcin) is a keratolytic medication. It is a common ingredient in several Over-The-Counter (OTC) acne and skin tightening creams. Prescription formulations are available with higher concentrations of Resorcinol. Resorcinol is used topically as antiseptic and keratolytic medication. In addition to the treatment of acne, topical ointments with Resorcinol are used in the treatment of …